`init.Rd`

Create a new RasterLayer with values reflecting a cell property: 'x', 'y', 'col', 'row', or 'cell'. Alternatively, a function can be used. In that case, cell values are initialized without reference to pre-existing values. E.g., initialize with a random number (`fun=runif`

). While there are more direct ways of achieving this for small objects (see examples) for which a vector with all values can be created in memory, the `init`

function will also work for Raster* objects with many cells.

```
# S4 method for Raster
init(x, fun, filename="", ...)
```

- x
Raster* object

- fun
function to be applied. This must be a function that can take the number of cells as a single argument to return a vector of values with a length equal to the number of cells, such as

`fun=runif`

. You can also supply one of the following character values: 'x', 'y', 'row', 'col', or 'cell' to get the x or coordinate, row, col or cell number; you can also use 'chess', to get a chessboard pattern- filename
character. Optional output filename

- ...
Additional arguments as for

`writeRaster`

RasterLayer

For backwards compatibility, the character values valid for `fun`

can also be passed as named argument `v`

```
r <- raster(ncols=36, nrows=18)
x <- init(r, fun='cell')
y <- init(r, fun=runif)
# there are different ways to set all values to 1
# for large rasters:
# set1f <- function(x){rep(1, x)}
# z1 <- init(r, fun=set1f, filename=rasterTmpFile(), overwrite=TRUE)
# This is equivalent to (but not memory safe):
z2 <- setValues(r, rep(1, ncell(r)))
# or
values(r) <- rep(1, ncell(r))
# or
values(r) <- 1
```