# nearby geometries

`nearby.Rd`

Identify geometries that are near to each other. Either get the index of all geometries within a certain distance, or the k nearest neighbors, or (with `nearest`

) get the nearest points between two geometries.

## Usage

```
# S4 method for SpatVector
nearby(x, y=NULL, distance=0, k=1, centroids=TRUE, symmetrical=TRUE)
# S4 method for SpatVector
nearest(x, y, pairs=FALSE, centroids=TRUE, lines=FALSE)
```

## Arguments

- x
SpatVector

- y
SpatVector or NULL

- distance
numeric. maximum distance

- k
positive integer. number of neighbors. Ignored if

`distance > 0`

- centroids
logical. Should the centroids of polygons be used?

- symmetrical
logical. If

`TRUE`

, a near pair is only included once. That is, if geometry 1 is near to geometry 3, the implied nearness between 3 and 1 is not reported. Ignored if`k`

neighbors are returned- pairs
logical. If

`TRUE`

pairwise nearest points are returned (only relevant when using at least one SpatVector of lines or polygons- lines
logical. If

`TRUE`

lines between the nearest points instead of (the nearest) points

## Examples

```
f <- system.file("ex/lux.shp", package="terra")
v <- vect(f)
nearby(v, distance=12000)
#> from to
#> [1,] 2 4
#> [2,] 6 8
```